Venezuela’s electoral system was being put to the test Sunday, with millions of people casting ballots for thousands of races — the first in four years with major opposition participation following a series of boycotts over unfair conditions.

The contest was being observed by more than 130 international monitors, mostly from the European Union, satisfying a longstanding demand of the opponents of President Nicolás Maduro.

After the government offered measures to increase confidence in now-ended negotiations between the opposition and the ruling party, the main opposition parties accepted to be part of the agreement.

Venezuelans have the right to vote for more than 21,000,000 people. This includes 335 mayors posts and 23 governors. There were more than 70,000 applicants for the race.

“I vote for Venezuela, I don’t vote for any political party,” Luis Palacios, 72, said outside a voting center in the capital of Caracas. “I’m not interested in politics, they don’t represent this country. I think Venezuela can improve by participating because, well, we don’t have any other option anymore.”

Not all of them shared Palacios’ enthusiasm for the election. Some Caracas polling locations showed a low turnout.

Maduro will not be on the ballot. Maduro’s term expires in 2025. But what is at stake is the legitimacy of the National Electoral Council, which has often been accused of setting conditions favorable to Maduro’s allies. Recent years have seen the…